This issue examines the history of enterprises in Central and Eastern Europe in the processes of adaptation. The histories of enterprises thus are not themselves the focal point of inquiry. Rather, they are of interest in relation to the events that took place when an enterprise was compelled, because of changes in the economic, political or social milieu, to adapt or transform itself, making changes to its business policies, personnel policies, production structures, marketing practices, supply sources, etc.  See more at

This issue covers a wide range of topics, including the underexplored origins of the Hungarian labor service in the mid-1930s, the ideologically charged reception of the first major trial focusing on the Holocaust in the early 1960s, the history of human emotions, the “cold” history of a bureaucracy, the economic motivation and involvement of local perpetrators, and the specific experiences of Hungarian Jewish ghetto dwellers in various ghettos and slave laborers in an unfamiliar and inhospitable metropolis. Free for download at

Borito1 2015 2 hhr webHow did participants perceive and interpret the violence of war and their own roles in it?  Why did they write about their experiences afterwards? What kinds of survival strategies did peasants, citizens and nobleman develop amidst the everyday experiences of brutality, devastation and death? How was extreme cruelty remembered, and how was war experienced? How did reality and mythology (about the extreme brutality of the enemy, for instance) blend in individual memory and in the cultural memories of communities?

Gabriella Erdélyi
Special Editor of the Thematic Issue


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